Its base rocks of granite and gneiss (coarse-grained rock containing bands of minerals) are covered with laterite (red soil with a high content of iron oxides and aluminum hydroxide) and sandstone gravel. Following Conté’s death, a military junta took control of the country and suspended the constitution that had been adopted in 1991. A few hippopotamuses and manatees inhabit the rivers of both Lower and Upper Guinea. Soil conservation is extremely important, because most soils are thin and rainfall heavy, causing much erosion. The country's natural resources include bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, and salt. Guinea, country of western Africa, located on the Atlantic coast. Although the young can scamper about and eat solid food the day they are born, they are not fully weaned for about three weeks. The Fouta Djallon highlands rise sharply from the coastal plain in a series of abrupt faults. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. The rocks of this region are of the same composition as those of Upper Guinea. Under the name French Guinea, it was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. The Niger River and several tributaries, including the Tinkisso, Milo, and Sankarani, rise in the highlands and flow in a general northeasterly direction across Upper Guinea to Mali. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website It has a 320-km coastline, and claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi), with a territorial sea of 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi). There is a dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds. Conakry's average annual rainfall is 4,300 mm (169.3 in). Meteo Conakry - Guinée ☼ Longitude : -13.7 Latitude : 9.52 Altitude : 5m ☀ Située en Afrique de l’Ouest, la Guinée est bordée par l’océan Atlantique à l’ouest, elle e a pour voisins, à l’ouest par le Sénégal, Guinea pigs eat vegetation and do not require water to drink if supplied with sufficiently moist food, but they must have water if fed dry commercial food.They breed all year in captivity. Guinea is bordered by Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast, and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. There are several species of guinea fowl and all originate from Africa but can be found raised in Europe. The coast is fringed with mangrove trees, and the coastal plain supports stands of oil palms. Poisonous snakes include mambas, vipers, and cobras, and there are pythons and a variety of harmless snakes. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west. Guinea's total area is 245,857 km², comprising 245,717 km² of land and 140 km² of water. During the dry season temperatures of more than 100 °F (38 °C) are common in the northeast. Females bear up to 13 young per litter (4 is average); gestation takes 68 days. This is a list of the extreme points of Guinea, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. Immediately inland the gently rolling coastal plain rises to the east, being broken by rocky spurs of the Fouta Djallon highlands in the north at Cape Verga and in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula. The Kakoulima Massif, for example, attains 3,273 feet (998 metres) northeast of Conakry. Monkeys, chimpanzees, and some rare bird species can be found in the southern portion of the Forest Region, near the Liberian border. Guinea is divided into four geographic regions: Maritime Guinea (Lower Guinea) a coastal plain running north to south behind the coast; the pastoral Fouta Djallon highlands (Middle Guinea); the northern savanna (Upper Guinea); and a southeastern rain-forest region (Forest Guinea). Try to buy from a butcher or producer that you trust. Find out how to select, store and prepare guinea fowl, and when they are at their best. ρ = m/V [1] where ρ = density, units typically [g/cm 3] or [lb/ft 3] m = mass, units typically [g] or [lb] V = volume, units typically [cm 3] or [ft 3]. Remove giblets from the cavity and keep well wrapped in the fridge, on a tray, covered with greaseproof paper or foil for up to two days. In Upper Guinea rainfall drops to about 60 inches (1,500 mm) a year. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. There are several species of guinea fowl and all originate from Africa but can be found raised in Europe. The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. At low elevations, temperatures resemble those of the coastal areas. The Gambia River flows northwestward before crossing Senegal and The Gambia. Thaw frozen guinea fowl in the fridge and use within two days. Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. Upper Guinea is composed of the Niger Plains, which slope northeastward toward the Sahara. Three of western Africa’s major rivers—the Gambia, the Niger, and the Sénégal—rise in Guinea. Rainfall varies between 60 and 90 inches (1,500 and 2,300 mm) annually, and the average annual temperatures there are in the mid-70s F (about 25 °C). Conakry's average annual rainfall is 4,300 mm (169.3 in). Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. Its geographic coordinates are 11°00′N 10°00′W / 11.000°N 10.000°W / 11.000; -10.000. Guinea fowl are at their best in the autumn between September and November. A small domesticated fowl somewhat similar to chicken or pheasant in flavour with a darker, slightly dryer and gamier tasting flesh. In Upper Guinea the savanna grassland supports several species of tall grasses that reach heights of 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 metres) during the rainy season. The Saint Paul River enters the Atlantic at Monrovia, in Liberia, and the Moa River has its mouth at Sulima, in Sierra Leone. Basically an enormous sandstone block, the Fouta Djallon consists of level plateaus broken by deeply incised valleys and dotted with sills and dikes, or exposed structures of ancient volcanism resulting in resistant landforms of igneous rock. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. Composed of granite, gneiss, schist (crystalline rock), and quartzite, the region has an average elevation of about 1,000 feet (300 metres). Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guinea, Guinea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guinea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). On the coast a period of six months of dry weather is followed by six months of rain. The Fouta Djallon also gives rise to numerous smaller rivers, including the Fatala, Konkouré, and Kolenté, which flow westward across the coastal plain to enter the Atlantic Ocean. Nonetheless, the economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture. Between 30 and 50 miles (48 and 80 km) wide, the plain is wider in the south than the north. The Boulbinet section and the fishing harbour at Conakry, Guinea. Bearing mind that UK winters are much colder, you will need to ensure their outdoor housing is insulated and protected enough to prevent them becoming ill. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. Aluminum was once more valuable than gold. The flat relief is broken by rounded granite hills and outliers of the Fouta Djallon. The coastal region of Guinea and most of the inland have a tropical climate, with a monsoonal-type rainy season lasting from April to November, relatively high and uniform temperatures, southwesterly winds, and high humidity.. Natural resources are plentiful: in addition to its hydroelectric potential, Guinea possesses a large portion of the world’s bauxite reserves and significant amounts of iron, gold, and diamonds. The capital Conakry's year-round average high is 29 °C (84.2 °F), and the low is 23 °C (73.4 °F). Current environmental issues in Guinea include: deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; and overfishing and overpopulation in forest regions. The coastal region of Guinea and most of the inland have a tropical climate, with a monsoonal-type rainy season lasting from April to November, relatively high and uniform temperatures, southwesterly winds, and high humidity. Its capital is Conakry. It then was ruled successively by Sékou Touré (1958–84) and Lansana Conté (1984–2008), the latter of whom claimed power through a military coup. It has 12.21% arable land, and 2.85% of the land is permanent crops. Westernmost point – Ile du Noufrage, Boké Region. The temperature range that guinea pigs should be kept in is about 16 - 24 degrees celsius. Anything below ten to fifteen degrees and they can get very chilled, and anything above 25 and they’re very susceptible to heat stroke. Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. Make sure it’s on the bottom shelf so that any juices don’t contaminate any other food; it’s particularly important to keep the guinea fowl away from any other cooked meats in the fridge. The national capital, Conakry, lies on Tombo (Tumbo) Island and spreads up the Camayenne (Kaloum) Peninsula; it is the country’s main port. Density is the ratio of the mass to the volume of a substance:. Its terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. There are alluvial soils along the major rivers. Guinea is party to the following international environmental agreements: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling. Specific weight is the ratio of the weight to the volume of a substance: Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, St. Only the months of December, January, and February are relatively dry, with possible rainfall of only 1 inch (25 mm). Guinea's land boundaries span a total of 4,046 km: with Ivory Coast 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1,062 km, Senegal 363 km, and Sierra Leone 794 km. The Fouta Djallon is the source of the three major rivers of the region. The capital Conakry's year-round average high is 29 °C (84.2 °F), and the low is 23 °C (73.4 °F). Power was handed over to a freely elected civilian administration in 2010. En effet, dans cette saison, si les nuits sont fraîches, dans la journée la température atteint des valeurs très élevées (32/34 degrés, parfois même 40 °C). Numerous offshore islands are remnants of former hills. Because guinea fowl is naturally drier than chicken it is particularly important not to overcook. Sandy brown soils predominate in the northeast, while black, heavy clay soils accumulate in the backwaters along the coast. The country's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m), and highest is Mont Nimba (1,752 m). You can wrap the breast with pancetta or Parma ham to prevent it from drying out. Pure water has its highest density 1000 kg/m 3 or 1.940 slug/ft 3 at temperature 4°C (=39.2°F).. Sahelian Upper Guinea has a shorter rainy season and greater daily temperature variations. Baboons and hyenas are common, while an occasional wild boar, several types of antelope, and a rare leopard may be sighted. Learn how and when to remove this template message,,, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Northernmost point – the northern section of the border with, Southernmost point – unnamed location on the border with. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. Guinea's total renewable water resources total 226 km3. Guinea fowl are small birds with darker, gamier flesh than chicken. Guinea, under the name French Guinea, was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. Cloud State University, Minnesota. 949.2 km² (2003) of land is irrigated. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Forest Region generally drains to the southwest through Sierra Leone and Liberia. Three of western Africa’s major rivers—the Gambia, the Niger, and the Senegal—rise in Guinea. More than 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of the highlands’ total extent of 30,000 square miles (78,000 square km) lie above 3,000 feet (900 metres). Westernmost point (mainland) – the point at which the border with, This page was last edited on 30 April 2020, at 12:35. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Birds that have been slaughtered no longer than 14 weeks after birth. Guinea, country of western Africa, located on the Atlantic coast. Badiar National Park, which is administered jointly with Niokolo-Koba National Park in southeastern Senegal, contains savanna and forest. More than 20 rivers in western Africa originate in Guinea. Mount Nimba, the highest peak of the Nimba Range, which extends along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border in western Africa. L'hiver, de décembre à février, en Guinée est chaud, sec et ensoleillé, avec la prévalence du vent du nord-est (Harmattan) qui peut apporter la poussière du désert. The most common soils found in Guinea are laterites formed of iron and hydrated aluminum oxides and other materials that often concretize into hard iron-rich conglomerates. As the ITCZ shifts southward in November, the hot, dry wind known as the harmattan blows from the northeast off the Sahara. Author of. Guinea is not rich in African big game. The monthly averaged data time series of temperatures and rainfall without interruption of Conakry Airport (9.34° N 13.37° W, Guinea) from 1960 to 2016 were used. In the Fouta Djallon, January afternoon temperatures range from the mid-80s to the mid-90s F (about 30 to 35 °C), while evening temperatures dip into the high 40s and low 50s F (about 8 to 11 °C). The Forest Region contains several extensive patches of rainforest, with teak, mahogany, and ebony trees; agriculture, however, has diminished the forests and resulted in a shift largely toward open savanna. The Niger River, the Gambia River, and the Senegal River are among the 22 West African rivers that have their origins in Guinea. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. A small domesticated fowl somewhat similar to chicken or pheasant in flavour with a darker, slightly dryer and gamier tasting flesh. During the 1990s Guinea accommodated several hundred thousand war refugees from neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, and conflicts between those countries and Guinea have continued to flare up over the refugee population. Never refreeze defrosted guinea fowl. If the temperature goes below 15°C they can catch a chill and if they become too wet and cold they can get pneumonia. Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands.